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A tentative etymological glossary of Etruscan by Arnaud Fournet, in The Macro-comparative Journal (2012)

Etruscan Glossary: English, French, Italian, Latin, compliled by Rick Mc Callister & Silvia Castillo (1999)

Etruskisch.de: Etruscan-German dictionary & English, vocabulary by topics

Etruskische Ortsnamen: Etruscan placenames

Vocabolario Etrusco: Etruscan-Italian vocabulary


Maravot: Etruscan phrases

Etruscan glossary

Etruscan language

Old Italic keyboard


L'alphabet et la langue étrusques by Jean-Paul Thuillier (2004)

Lingua etrusca: Etruscan texts & studies about the Etruscan language, by Massimo Pittau


La diffusion de l'alphabet chez les Étrusques: une fonction qui va au-delà de la notation de la langue, by Dominique Briquel, in Écriture et communication (2015)

État actuel du déchiffrement de la langue étrusque by Vladimir Georgiev, in Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres (1971)


La langue étrusque by Jules Martha (1913)

La langue étrusque, sa place parmi les langues, étude de quelques textes, by Bernard Carra de Vaux (1911)

Über die Sprache der Etrusker (about the language of the Etruscans) by Wilhelm Corssen (1874): I & II

Etruscan inscriptions analysed, commentated and translated into English, by Alexander Lindsay (1872)


books about the Etruscan language: Google books & Internet archive

The Etruscan language

Etruscan is not part of any known language family.

The Etruscan alphabet derives from the Greek alphabet. The Etruscans were in contact with the Greeks who had settled in Campania in the -8th century, on the island of Ischia, opposite Naples, and then, on the coast, in Cumæ. It is more precisely the Ionian alphabet (Asia Minor).

The Latin alphabet derives from the Etruscan alphabet.

There are nearly ten thousand Etruscan inscriptions; most of them are epitaphs.

Some Etruscan words
apa father
ati mother
puia wife
clan son
sech daughter
tular milestone (property limit)
spur city
tular spural milestone (city limit)
ais, aisar god, gods
The Etruscans, the Tuscans and the Thyrrenian Sea
The root *turs is the origin of:
*turs-ci > Latin Tusci (Toscans, Etruscans) and the country: Tuscia
hence the name: Tuscany
An other form *trus:
*e-trus-ci > Latin Etrusci, Etruscans
*e-trus-ia > Latin Etruria
*turs-anoi > Greek Τυρσηνοί (Ionian) and the Attica form Τυρρηνοί (Thyrrenians)
hence the name: Thyrrenian Sea (Τυρρηνικὴ θάλασσα)
Τυρρηνία (Thyrrenia): Etruria

Originally, the Etruscans lived between the Tiber (Rome) and the Arno (Florence). Then, in the sixth century, the territory expanded, in north to the Po and in south, to Campania (Naples region). During the following two centuries, the Etruscans had to face the Gauls in the north, the Greeks in the south, and then the Romans who taken command of Italy and the Mediterranean area. The country of the Etruscans corresponds approximately to the current Tuscany.

Tuscany, Dante's homeland, which is the cradle of the Italian language.

Etruscan civilization

Étrusques by Françoise-Hélène Massa-Pairault

Mysterious Etruscans: territoire & cités, histoire, art, culture, religion…

carte des territoires étrusques


Le sport dans la civilisation étrusque: entre Grèce et Rome, by Jean-Paul Thuillier, in Études balkaniques (2004)

Les cités étrusques et le monde grec à la période classique, topographie et institutions, by Claire Joncheray, thesis (2010)


Manuel d'archéologie étrusque et romaine by Jules Martha (19th)

L'art étrusque by Jules Martha (1889): engravings

L'Étrurie et les Étrusques ou Dix ans de fouilles dans les Maremmes toscanes, by Adolphe Noël des Vergers (1864): I & II

Muséum étrusque de Lucien Bonaparte, excavations in 1829, painted vases with inscriptions (1829)

Iscrizioni etrusche e etrusco-latine: Etruscan inscriptions of the monuments of the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence, by Giancarlo Conestabile (1858)

Latin language

Roman civilization

Italy: maps & documents

Xavier Nègre   © Lexilogos 2002-2022